Research from University of the West of England Broadens Understanding of Environmental Policy
2012 APR 20 - (VerticalNews.com) -- "Air pollution control in South Africa has undergone a shift from the best practicable means to an Air Quality Management approach. Previous legislation was out-dated and did not achieve acceptable air quality," scientists writing in the journal Environmental Science & Policy report.
"Further, policy and legislative developments necessitated a change, in accordance with overarching environmental legislation. The National Environment Management: Air Quality Act (AQA) heralded a new era, introducing international best practice, including the devolution of responsibility to local government and effects-based management. However, South African municipalities, as the incumbent local authorities, face several challenges in implementing AQA. Pollution control falls within the context of competing priorities for basic service provision and economic development in local government. Further challenges include the lack of political will, consultation and communication, the limited use of planning tools, and a non-strategic approach to Air Quality Management. The publication of a strategy document, the National Framework for Air Quality, provides guidance to all levels of government on implementation. Other developments include the publication of national ambient air quality standards, and listed activities and emission standards, development of an Air Quality Management Planning manual, and processes to issue atmospheric emission licenses," wrote Y. Naiker and colleagues, University of the West of England.
The researchers concluded: "Several recommendations are included to address these challenges."
Naiker and colleagues published their study in Environmental Science & Policy (Introduction of local Air Quality Management in South Africa: overview and challenges. Environmental Science & Policy, 2012;17():62-71).
Additional information can be obtained by contacting Y. Naiker, University of the West of England, Air Qual Management Resource Center, Bristol BS16 1QY, Avon, United Kingdom.
The publisher of the journal Environmental Science & Policy can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England.
Keywords: City:Bristol, Country:United Kingdom, Region:Europe, Environmental Policy
This article was prepared by VerticalNews Economics editors from staff and other reports. Copyright 2012, VerticalNews Economics via VerticalNews.com.